Irregular verbs (adv.)

Here are the most common irregular verbs. We distinguish five types. We indicate the Infinitive by the letter A, change to B if the Past Simple changes, and then to C if the P. Participle is different from the Past Simple. They are in groups according to similarity to help you to learn them.
infinitivepast simplep. participlemeaning
 
1. TYPE ABB VERBS: Past and Participle with the same form.
1.1 Past and P. Participle ending in '-t'.
bringbroughtbroughttraer
buildbuiltbuiltconstruir
burn (r.)(1)burntburntquemar
buyboughtboughtcomprar
catchcaughtcaughtcoger
creepcreptcreptreptar
dealdealtdealttratar
dream (r.)dreamtdreamtsoñar
feelfeltfeltsentir
fightfoughtfoughtluchar
getgotgotobtener
keepkeptkeptguardar, mantener
lean (r.)leantleantapoyarse, inclinarse
learn (r.)learntlearntaprender
leaveleftleftdejar, marcharse
lendlentlentprestar
lightlitlitencender
loselostlostperder
meanmeantmeantquerer decir
meetmetmetconocer, encontrarse
sendsentsentenviar
shootshotshotdisparar
sitsatsatsentarse
sleepsleptsleptdormir
smellsmeltsmeltoler
spendspentspentgastar, pasar (tiempo)
spill (r.)spiltspiltverter, derrarmarse
spitspatspatescupir
spoil (r.)spoiltspoiltechar a perder
sweepsweptsweptbarrer, apartar
teachtaughttaughtenseñar
thinkthoughtthoughtpensar
1.2 Past and P. Participle ending in '-d'. 
feedfedfeddar de comer, alimentar
findfoundfoundencontrar
havehadhadtener
hearheardheardoir
holdheldheldsostener, sujetar
laylaidlaidponer, colocar
leadledleddirigir, llevar
makemademadehacer
paypaidpaidpagar
readreadreadleer
saysaidsaiddecir
sellsoldsoldvender
slideslidsliddeslizarse
standstoodstoodestar de pie
telltoldtolddecir
understandunderstoodunderstoodentender
windwoundwoundserpentear, enrollar
1.3 Verbs changing infinitive vowel to '-u-' (or '-o-'). 
digdugdugcavar, hurgar
hanghunghungcolgar
stickstuckstuckpegar, clavar
winwonwonganar
shineshoneshonebrillar
 
2. TYPE ABC VERBS: Infinitive, Past and P. Participle with different forms.
2.1 P. Participle ending in '-n-'.
bewas, werebeenser, estar
bitebitbittenmorder
blowblewblownsoplar, sonarse
breakbrokebrokenromper
choosechosechosenelegir
dodiddonehacer
drawdrewdrawndibujar
drivedrovedrivenconducir
eatateeatencomer
fallfellfallencaer
flyflewflownvolar, viajar en avión
forbidforbadeforbiddenprohibir
forgetforgotforgottenolvidar
forgiveforgaveforgivenperdonar
freezefrozefrozencongelar, helarse
givegavegivendar
gowentgone, beenir
growgrewgrowncrecer, cultivar
hidehidhiddenesconder
knowknewknownsaber, conocer
lie(2)laylainecharse, yacer
mistakemistookmistakenconfundir
rideroderiddenmontar
riseroserisensubir, elevarse
seesawseenver
shakeshookshakensacudir, agitar
showshowedshownmostrar
speakspokespokenhablar
stealstolestolenrobar
swearsworeswornjurar
taketooktakencoger, llevar
teartoretornrasgar, romper
throwthrewthrowntirar, lanzar
wakewokewokendespertarse
wearworewornllevar puesto
weavewovewoventejer
writewrotewrittenescribir
2.2 Verbs having the vowel pattern '-i-' '-a-' '-u-'.
beginbeganbegunempezar
drinkdrankdrunkbeber
ringrangrungllamar, sonar
singsangsungcantar
sinksanksunkhundir(se)
swimswamswumnadar
 
3. TYPE AAA VERBS - All forms are the same.
betbetbetapostar
burstburstburstreventar, estallar
costcostcostcostar
cutcutcutcortar
hithithitgolpear
hurthurthurtdoler, lastimar
letletletpermitir, dejar
putputputponer
setsetsetcolocar, estar situado
shutshutshutcerrar
splitsplitsplitpartir
spreadspreadspreadextender
 
4. TYPE ABA VERBS: Infinitive and P. Participle with the same form.
becomebecamebecomellegar a ser
comecamecomevenir
runranruncorrer
 
5. TYPE AAB VERBS: Infinitive and Past Simple with the same form.
beatbeatbeatengolpear, vencer
 
NOTES:
1. (r.) means that both regular forms and irregular forms exist. The regular forms are particularly common in U.S.
2. Lie meaning not telling the truth is regular.